In recent years, the high-speed rail market development and the outlook is generally positive. The global high-speed rail market in 2013 was only $102.3 billion, to that jumped to $2014 in 112 billion, the market in 2019 is expected to reach $133.4 billion. In the global high-speed rail market, the association of south-east Asian nations (asean) countries is becoming a franco-german technology such as power between China and Japan one of the focus of the competition area.
Since last year, li keqiang, the prime minister’s achievements in their “high-speed diplomacy”, such as southeast Asia, Africa, Europe and central Asia and other neighboring countries have become the object of China to promote high speed railway. According to incomplete statistics, in 2014 the state council premier li keqiang has to Ethiopia, Nigeria, Angola, Kenya, Britain, the United States, Russia, myanmar, Thailand and other 12 countries expressed to build high iron will. And China’s domestic also entered the “high iron age”. With the development of China railway construction, railway steel, and related supporting facilities for steel demand will increase greatly.
Steel for railway building to a wide range of varieties and quantity is large, and the performance is very demanding. Civil engineering, such as railway stations, tunnels, Bridges, need a lot of rebar, wire rod, plate screw, round steel construction steel, such as basic accounted for 6 of the railway construction steel weight of the whole into left and right sides. According to statistics, every year around the world is only used to track the steel is about 13 million tons, in addition, 2% to 3% of the world railway also needs to be updated every year, each section of the railway facilities for steel demand pull is to be reckoned with. Related statistics also point out that for every one ton of steel rail, need 3 to 5 tons of steel used to form a complete set of related station, bridge, tunnel, cable, locomotives and other infrastructure.
In the long run, China’s high-speed rail to foreign markets, after the subsequent operation, purchases of motor vehicles, equipment maintenance, the surrounding land development and so on will drive the future consumption of steel. , says zhang Lin, as domestic and international market gradually opening, the boom of railway construction industry will continue to improve, combined with China’s “neighbourhood” interconnectivity grand strategy, with the “timely rain” of the steel rail.
In Africa and South America and some less developed countries, backward infrastructure, not even a decent railway, so in the future construction requires a lot of steel, in the short term they want to development, domestic steel production capacity can’t meet again, so the imported steel will become a way to meet those national construction.
At present, the domestic steel industry is facing the problem of excess production capacity, develop foreign high-speed rail, to dissolve the domestic iron and steel industry overcapacity has a very positive role. In the future, with high iron into foreign markets, China’s steel take the advantage of foreign construction market is also very obvious.
China’s high-speed rail go out a key is to solve the domestic steel overcapacity. Many areas in the future to introduce China’s high-speed rail abroad at the same time, on the one hand, will drive the raw materials, such as import, domestic rail, on the other hand, due to many parts of the whole production equipment is relatively backward, will drive the construction equipment and imported locomotives, driving up the export of machinery industry, the construction of iron and steel enterprise brand, to high-end towards more advantageous, at the same time also is more effective to solve domestic steel overcapacity.