At present, the reform of state-owned enterprises also face many problems in the process, such as state-owned enterprises market main body status is not really established, enterprise management, soe should not divide, ownership and management rights classification problems still exist, corporate governance structure is not perfect, market mechanism has not been true to form, enterprise’s social functions and problems left over by history has not been fully resolved and state-owned enterprise vitality and efficiency needs to be further strengthened.
In addition to iron and steel enterprises face the more common problems, is also facing the old state-owned enterprises social burden heavier, enterprise losses, surplus personnel placement, etc. In this case, the reform of state-owned enterprises, especially the iron and steel industry in the reform of state-owned enterprises, the emphasis should be on how to improve the efficiency, how to adapt to the market, how to stimulate the vitality of three aspects:
In terms of to improve business efficiency, the reform of state-owned enterprises in the final analysis is to improve the competitiveness. From the perspective of the large, China is the world’s steel production center, manufacturing center, also export hub, which in the current and quite a long period of time is unshakable. But the current state-owned iron and steel enterprises still exist some problems of its own, such as overall efficiency is lower, mechanism is not flexible, etc., of course, due to historical reasons, the enterprise is more difficult and baggage. To change this situation, should start from the system and mechanism, specific to each a state-owned enterprise, should have their own countermeasures.
To adapt to the market, to achieve the requirements of the “guidance” in corporate restructuring, the overall listing requirements, also need a good market environment as the major premise. The government first to be fair, transparent, open, efficient and a service-oriented government. Enterprise from the labor system, assessment, management, performance, etc., the pursuit of efficiency and effect, to better adapt to market requirements.
Stimulate the vitality, in addition to the systems and mechanisms, the key is to arouse the enthusiasm of the main leadership. They play an important role in the enterprise development and reform. To protect the enthusiasm of enterprises the main leadership, creativity, sense of responsibility, the interests of these leadership also want to protect. The value of the state-owned enterprise leaders create to peer and his responsibility, corporate leaders should be entrepreneurs, not civil servants, not act in accordance with the standards of officials.